Clouded Yellow

Clouded Yellow

    (Colias croceus)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Wingspan: 57 - 62mm

Description
Deep lemon yellow wings, edged with a thin pink border. The forewing has a central black spot, the hindwing has a two white circles edged with reddish brown resembling a figure eight.

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Flight Period
This migatory butterfly reaches british shore in mid May with a peak in numbers in July, The second brood peak is larger in number and oocurs in October.

Larval Food Plants
Clover
Lucerne
Trefoils

Habitat
Cliff tops, Flowering Downland, and Clover fields

Wiltshire Status
Migrant, Sometimes Scarce other years fairly numerous.

Early sightings
Earliest County record 6th April 2007

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 5th July Everleigh Down Linda Smith
2011 10th May Witherington Down, SE of Salisbury Nick Wynn
2010 16th June Warminster Dennis Jessup (via Tom Smith) 
2009 25th May Cockey Down Piers Mobsby
2008 31st May Broken Cross, nr. Salisbury Stuart Gough
2007 6th April Bradford-on -Avon Ron Hurst

Latest county record
? December 1947

Brimstone

     Brimstone

(Gonepteryx rhamni)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Wingspan: 60 - 74mm
 
Description
Male bright yellow with distinctive leaf shaped wing profile, female much paler whitish green.

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Flight Period
The peak flight periods are April / May and again in August, but can be seen in most months of the year.

Larval Food Plants
Alder Buckthorn (Frangula alnus)
Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

Habitat
The Brimstone can be found in many habitats including woodland, downland, roadside verges & gardens

Wiltshire Status
Resident and Widespread

Wiltshire Sites
Commonly seen throughout Wiltshire.

Earliest sightings
Earliest county record  1st January 2000 

 

Early Sightings
2013 8th January Blackmoor Copse Sue Walker
2012 7th January Boscombe /Amesbury Dave Widgington 
2011 8th January Salisbury Via Maurice Avent
2010 1st March Wanborough David Train
2010 1st March Clench Common Ray Jenkins
2009 11th February Swindon John Booth
2008 8th January Bentley Wood David Lambert
2007 10th January Porton Down Jolyon Medlock

Latest county record
28th December 2006 Bentley Wood (Sue Walker)

 

Large White

Large White

(Pieris brassicae)
 

 

 

  

 

 
Wingspan: 58 - 63mm

Description
Similar to the smaller Small White the female can be distuished from the male by the two black spots on the upperwing.

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Flight Period
End April to end June and again from mid July to October.

Larval Food Plants
Cruciferae family, Cabbages etc.
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)
Wild Mignonette (Reseda lutea)

Habitat
This butterfly can be found in many habitats including:-
Gardens &  allotments, parks, open grassland, meadows,and hedgerows.

Status
Resident and Widespread

Wiltshire Sites
Commonly seen throughout Wiltshire.

Earliest sightings 
Earliest county record 6th March 1943

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 25th March Bradford-on-Avon Malcolm Walsh
2011 7th April Lydiard Park Terry & Gaynor Dabner
2010 9th April Harnham Nr Salisbury Pam Rouquette
2009 16th March West Yatton Down Maurice Avent
2008 13th April Bradford-on-Avon Mike Fuller
2007 28th March Calne Wayne Putt

Latest county record

3rd November 2001 & 2004

 

Small White

 

Small White

(Pieris rapae)

 

 

  

Wingspan 48mm

Description
Similar to the Green-veined White, the underside vein markings are less pronounced on the Small White. The black mark at the apex of the upperwing is unbroken.

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Flight Period
Mid March to Mid October in two or more broods.

Larval Food Plants
Cruciferae family, Cabbages etc.
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)
Charlock (Sinapis arvensis)Hoary Cress (Lepidium draba)
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
Wild Mignonette (Reseda lutea)

Habitat
This butterfly can be found in many habitats including:-
Gardens & Allotments, parks, open grassland, meadows,and hedgerows.
 
Status
Resident and widespread & common
 
Wiltshire Sites
Commonly seen throughout Wiltshire.
 
Earliest Sightings
Earliest county record 13th February 1998

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 1st March North of Webbs Wood Lysana Robinson
2011 17th March Trowbridge Mike Fuller
2010 16th March Bradford-on-Avon Mike Fuller
2009 15th March Trowbridge Audrey Brown
2008 3rd March Cockey Down Piers Mobsby
2007 26th March Wroughton Phil & Dorothy Claridge
2007 26th March Chittoe Bill Crowther

 

Latest county record
13th November 2011 Chippenham (Michael Sammes)
Green-veined White

Green-veined White

 (Pieris Napi)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wingspan: 58 - 63mm


Description
Simalar to the smaller Small White the female can be distuished from the male by the two black sops on the upperside.

Your photographs

Flight Period
Late April to Mid June and again from early July to late August. Ocassional third brood occurs.

Larval Food Plants
Cruciferae family, Cabbages etc.
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)
Wild Mignonette (Reseda lutea)

Habitat
This butterfly can be found in many habitats including:-
Gardens & allotments, parks, open grassland, meadows,and hedgerows.

Status
Resident and Widespread

Wiltshire Sites
Commonly seen throughout Wiltshire.

Earliest sightings
Earliest county record 4th March 1868

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 25th March Berwick St James Barbara Last
2011 2nd April Salisbury Plain Steve Button
2010 8nd April Picket Wood Nick Wynn
2009 2nd April Bradford-on-Avon Mike Fuller
2009 2nd April Trowbridge Audrey Brown
2008 4th April Alderbury Patricia Dashwood 
2007 11th March Newton Tony Daphne Graiff

Latest county record
30th October 2001

Oange-tip

 

Orange Tip

 

(Anthocharis cardamines) 
 

 

   

Wingspan: 45-350mm

 

Description
This species is named after the male butterfly who has an orange colouring at the wing tip. Both male and female can be identified by the mottled greed pattern of the underside of the hindwing. Common thought the lowland of England and Wales and rarer in Scotland. Males are a common sight in spring flying along hedgerows and damp meadows in search of the more reclusive female which lacks the orange tip and is often mistaken for one of the other 'White' butterflies. Eggs laid on cuckoo flower or garlic mustard. Overwintering as a chrysalis and emerging some 10-11 months later.
 

Your photographs 

Flight Period
The flight period is from early April to mid July.

 
Larval Food plants
Caterpillar food in the main is the flowers and seedpods of tall Crucifers – Lady Smock/Cuckooflower (cardamine pratensis) and Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolate). Garden plants such as Aubrieta, Forget-me-not and honesty attract this butterfly.

Habitat
Damp pastures and meadows, damp woodland edges, glades, riverbanks, ditches, dykes, fens,railway cuttings and country lanes.

Wiltshire Status
Resident, Common & widespread

Wiltshire Sites
Clattinger Farm

Earliest sightings
Earliest county record 11th March 2007, Newton Tony, (Daphne Graiff)

 

Early Sightings
       
2013      
2012 22rd March Nunton near Salisbury Shirley Spencer
2011 23th March Woodfalls Hazel Lewis
2010 8th April West Yatton Down Maurice Avent, Hugo Brooke
2010 8th April Chittoe Bill Crowther
2009 30th March Downton Hazel & Malcolm Lewis
2008 16th March Alderbury Gerald Nicholls
2007 11th March Newton Tony Daphne Graiff

Latest county record
4th July 2008