Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

 

 

 

          Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

                                        (Boloria selene)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wingspan:
Male 41mm, Female 44mm

Description
To separate the Small Pearl from its larger cousin you need to look at the underside of the hindwing. The six or seven whitish silver pearls at the outer edge of the wing are bordered by black chevron’s, these are orange brown on the Pearl. More noticeable are the more numerous (up to six) silver patches on the Small Pearl. Only two on the Pearl.
 

Your Photographs 

Flight Period
Mid May - Mid June
 

Larval Food plants
Common Dog-violet (Viola riviniana)
Marsh Violet (Viola palustris)
 

Habitat Requirements
Deciduous woodland clearings and glades
 

Wiltshire Status
Rare and extremely local

Wiltshire Sites
Bentley Wood
Blackmoor Copse
 

Earliest sightings 

Earliest county record
30th April 1893 

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 22nd May Bently Wood Rob Turner
2011 3rd May Bently Wood Nick Wynn
2010 21st May Bently Wood Alan Thornbury
2009 10th May Bently Wood David Lambert
2008 11th May Bently Wood Paul Guymer
2007 3rd May Bently Wood Nick Freeman

 

Latest county record
16th July 1996

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

 

         

             Pearl-bordered Fritillary (Boloria euphrosyne)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wingspan:
Male 44mm to Female 47mm

Description
Like the Small pearl-bordered Fritillary the underside of the hindwing is the key to identifying this species. A mosaic of pale yellow and shades of orange form the background. Seven silver pearls adorn the outer edge, with another one mid-wing and one close to the body. Between these two pearls is an orange cell which contains a black dot.

Your Photograph's

Flight Period
Late April – Early June
 

Larval Food plants
Common Dog-violet (Viola riviniana)
Heath Dog-violet (Viola canina)
Marsh Violet (Viola palustris)
 

Habitat Requirements
Woodland Clearings
 

Wiltshire Status
Rare, Extremely local

Wiltshire Sites
Bentley Wood                             
Blackmoor Copse                       

Earliest sightings 

Earliest county record
16th April 2007  Bentley Wood,   (David Lambert)                        
 


Early Sightings
2013      
2012 8th April Bently Wood Sue Walker, Tony Goddard
2011 19th April South Wilts Woods Paul Guymer, Sue Walker, Tony Goddard
2010 30th April Bently Wood via Roy Cowley
2009 19th April Bently Wood (Hawksgrove) David Lambert, Paul Guymer
2008 3rd May Blackmoor Copse Paul Guymer
2007 16th April Blackmoor Copse David Lambert

Latest county record
5th July 1964

Dark Green Fritillary

 

 

           Dark Green Fritillary

                                (Argynnis aglaja)

 

 


 

 

Wingspan:
Male 72mm - Female 76mm

Description
If you see a large fast flying fritillary on open grassland in Wiltshire it will almost certainly be a Dark Green. If it settles nearby check for large silver spots on the underside of the hindwing. 

Your Photograph's

Flight Period
June to mid/late August 

Larval Food plants
Common Dog-violet (Viola riviniana)
Hairy Violet (Viola hirta)
Marsh Violet (Viola palustris)

Habitat Requirements
Open chalk grassland
Occasionally in open woodland 

Wiltshire Status
Frequent-Common, locally widespread

Wiltshire Sites
Grovely Wood
Porton down
Salisbury Plain
Sidbury Hill
 

Earliest sightings 
Earliest county record:   24th  May 1987

 

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 16th June Porton Down Stuart Corbett
2011 2nd June Grovely Wood Frank & Christine Crosier
2010 9th June ATE SP (w)  Tilshead Down Area Marc Botham
2009 11th June Chickengrove Bottom Nick Wynn
2008 1st June Upton Cow Down Geoff Hobson
2007 5th June  Oliver's Castle, Devizes Philip Cleverly

Latest county record:  2nd  September 2000

Silver-washed Fritillary

 

Silver-washed Fritillary
 

            (Argynnis paphia)

 

 

Wingspan 72 - 76mm

Description
The Silver-washed is our largest Fritillary, it gets its name from the silver streaks of the hind underwing. The male is a brighter orange than the female. The male also shows four black veins known as "sex bands" which can be clearly seen on the photograph.

Your Photo's

Flight Period
Mid June - Early September

Larval Food plants
Common Dog-violet (Viola riviniana)

Habitat Requirements
Woodland with a few open areas. Hedgerows joining suitable woodland

Status
Resident: Fairly common and widespread

Earliest sightings

Earliest county record:
 
3rd June 2011 Bentley Wood (Steve & Liz Oakes)



Early Sightings
2013      
2012 20th June Bently Wood Brian Seaman
2011 3rd June Bently Wood Steve & Liz Oakes
2010 10th June Bently Wood Steve Button
2009 11th June Bently Wood David Lambert
2008 20th June Bently Wood David Lambert
2007 8th June Bently Wood David Lambert

Latest county record 
18th September 2008 & 2010 

 

 

Marsh Fritillary

 

                   Marsh Fritillary
 

                                   (Euphydryas aurinia)

 

 

 

 

 

Wingspan:
Male 42mm – 48mm Female
Size very variable

Description
The upperwings are a mosaic of reddish-orange and yellow or white patches. The cells are divided by darker veins and cross lines. A single row of black dots are visible near the trailing edge of the hindwings. These dot are also visible on the underside.

Your Photograph's

Flight Period
May - June 

Larval Food plants
Devil's-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis)
Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis)
Small Scabious (Scabiosa columbaria)

Habitat Requirements
Chalk Downland & Grassland 

Wiltshire Status
Frequent/common, very local

Wiltshire Sites
Cotley Hill
Bentley Wood                             
Sidbury Hill
Pewsey Down

Earliest sightings
Earliest county record :  21st April 2007,  Cotley Hill,   Nick Wynn
 

Early Sightings
 2013      
 2012  30th April  Whitesheet Hill Quarry  Michael Plaxton
 2011  24th May  Cotley Hill, Heytesbury  Steve Button
 2010  17th May  A Southern Wood  Caroline Kelly
 2010  17th May  Cotley Hill, Heytesbury    Nick Wynn, Dan Hoare,
 2009  5th May  Bentley Wood  David Lambert
 2008  8th May  Cotley Hill, Heytesbury  Geoff Hobson
 2007  21st April  Cotley Hill, Heytesbury  Nick Wynn

Latest county record
4th July 1983